Before reading this brief study, please read the previous article in this series, The Gospel Preached Unto All Nations – Part 1
Paul declared that he had fully preached the gospel in most of the extensions of the Greco-Roman world,
Romans 15:19 — “…in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.”
Colossians 1:3 – 6 — “We give thanks to God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and the love which you have for all the saints; because of the hope laid up for you in heaven, of which you previously heard in the word of truth, the gospel which has come to you, just as in all the world also it is constantly bearing fruit and increasing, even as it has been doing in you also since the day you heard of it and understood the grace of God in truth…”
PAUL’S METHOD OF EVANGELIZING
Paul was called to be an apostle to the Gentiles; and he acknowledged the demand which Jesus had placed on His followers. He preached in most of the Roman Empire and followed the Lord’s directed pattern of preaching first to the Jew.
Paul would go to the synagogue or meet in private with the Jewish leaders of the city in order to preach and convert them to Christ and this he did immediately upon arriving in a city.
This pattern, to the Jew first, was frequent throughout Paul’s ministry,
Acts 14:1 — “…in Iconium they entered the synagogue of Jews…”
Acts 17:1 – 3 — “…they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. And according to Paul’s custom, he went to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures, explaining and giving evidence that the Christ had to suffer and rise again from the dead, and saying, ‘This Jesus whom I am proclaiming to you is the Christ.”
Acts 17:10 — “Paul and Silas went away by night to Berea; and when they arrived, they went into the synagogue to the Jews.”
Acts 17:17 — “…at Athens…he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews…”
Acts 18:4 — “…Corinth…he was reasoning in the synagogue every Sabbath…”
Acts 18:19 — “They came to Ephesus…Now he himself entered the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews.”
Acts 19:8 — “…Ephesus…he entered the synagogue and continued speaking out boldly for three months, reasoning and persuading them about the Kingdom of God.”
OTHER SCRIPTURE VERSES
Romans 1:8 — First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world.
Romans 10:16 – 18 — However, they did not all heed the good news; for Isaiah says, “LORD, WHO HAS BELIEVED OUR REPORT?” So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? Indeed they have; “THEIR VOICE HAS GONE OUT INTO ALL THE EARTH, AND THEIR WORDS TO THE ENDS OF THE WORLD.”
Romans 16:25 – 27 — Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith; to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, be the glory forever. Amen.
Colossians 1:5 – 6 — because of the hope laid up for you in heaven. Of this you have heard before in the word of the truth, the gospel, which has come to you, as indeed in the whole world it is bearing fruit and growing-as it also does among you, since the day you heard it and understood the grace of God in truth…”
2 Timothy 4:17 – 18 — But the Lord stood with me and strengthened me, so that through me the proclamation might be fully accomplished, and that all the Gentiles might hear; and I was rescued out of the lion’s mouth. The Lord will rescue me from every evil deed, and will bring me safely to His heavenly Kingdom; to Him be the glory forever and ever. Amen.
Paul wrote to the saints at Colossae around AD. 63 (seven years before the destruction of Jerusalem) and spoke of the gospel “which was preached to every creature under heaven.”
Colossians 1:23 — if indeed you continue in the faith firmly established and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, was made a minister.
“Tradition assigns the following fields to the various apostles and evangelists: Andrew is said to have labored in Scythia; hence the Russians worship him as their apostle. Philip spent his last years in Hierapolis in Phyrgia. Bartholomew is said to have brought the gospel according to Matthew into India. Thomas is said to have been the apostle to Parthia, and also to India.
The tradition concerning Matthew is rather confused. He is said to have preached to his own people, and afterward in foreign lands. James Alphaeus is said to have worked in Egypt. Thaddeus is said to have been the missionary to Persia. Simon Zelotes is said to have worked in Egypt and in Britain; while another report connects him with Persia and Babylonia. The evangelist John Mark is said to have founded the church in Alexandria.” [Qualben, A History of the Christian church, 48]
“Thus, under the influence of heavenly power, and with the divine co-operation, the doctrine of the Saviour, like the rays of the sun, quickly illumined the whole world;  and straightway, in accordance with the divine Scriptures,  the voice of the inspired evangelists and apostles went forth through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world; the Apostles preached the gospel in all the world, and some of them passed beyond the bounds of the ocean, and visited the Britannic isles.” [Eusebius, Commentay on Matthew 24 ]
“It appears from the writers of the history of the church, that before the destruction of Jerusalem the gospel was not only preached in the Lesser Asia, and Greece, and Italy, the great theatres of action then in the world, but was likewise propagated as fax northward as Scythia, as far southward as Ethiopia, as far eastward as Parthia and India, as far westward as Spain and Britain.”
The Judean or Jewish commission which Jesus gave the disciples was fulfilled in the first century before 70 AD.,
“It appears from the most credible records, that the gospel was preached in Idumea, Syria, and Mesopotamia, by Jude; in Egypt, Marmorica, Mauritania, and other parts of Africa, by Mark, Simon, and Jude; in Ethiopia, by Candace’s Eunuch and Matthias; in Pontus, Galatia, and neighboring parts of Asia, by Peter; in territories of the seven Asiatic churches, by John; in Parthia, by Matthew; in Scythia, by Philip and Andrew; in the northern and western parts of Asia, by Bartholomew; in Persia, by Simon and Jude; in Media, Carmania, and several eastern parts, by Thomas; through the vast tract of Jerusalem round about Illyricum, by Paul, as also in Italy, and probably Spain, Gaul, and Britain; in most of which places Christian churches were planted, in less than thirty years after the death of Christ, which was before the destruction of Jerusalem.” [ Scott, Explanatory Notes, 3:109]
There are many who say that Peter and Paul preached two different gospels to two different audiences. The gospel of Peter was influenced by the earthly Jesus or as they emphasize, the Jesus in the flesh, and the gospel of Paul is given by the heavenly ascended Christ.
Jesus, Peter and Paul preached the same Gospel. This is the Gospel of the Kingdom. Because people fail to understand what the kingdom is and how is it actualized in a believer’s life, they tend to form a botched up theology.
What is the Gospel of the Kingdom?
In plain layman terms, it is the “Good News” that the rule and reign of God can be experienced today by anyone who surrenders their life to Christ as their King and begins to learn to follow Jesus in their daily life by the Spirit of God. It is the divine rule that Jesus came to bring into the affairs of men.
It is not an-earthly kingdom which will be established in Jerusalem. Jesus, Peter, Paul or any of the other disciples never indicated an earthly Jewish Kingdom. Paul understood this accurately and therefore declared,
Romans 14:17 — For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
The Gospel is an administration of righteousness, peace, and joy which we may enter by the Holy Spirit, through the new birth (regeneration) which comes by grace through faith.