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This article is written to answer a question asked of me by email, “If the Holy Spirit is taken away from Saul, how can he be called anointed by David?”

Scripture reference:

1 Samuel 16:14 — Now the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and a harmful spirit from the LORD tormented him.

1 Samuel 24:6 — He said to his men, “The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my lord, the LORD’s anointed, to put out my hand against him, seeing he is the LORD’s anointed.”


I will attempt to put things into perspective according to scripture. I may not be able to answer everything on the subject; however, the basics should get you going on to your study of the Word with the Holy Spirit, our teacher and guide.


Luke 4:18-19 — “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed; To preach the acceptable year of the LORD.”

Have you noticed that the spirit of the Lord came upon Jesus,”because…”

The Greek word, “because” is “heneka” which means ‘because, for (cause, sake), (where-)fore, by reason of, that’

The Greek word “anointed” is “chrio” which means, 

1. to smear or rub with oil.

2. (specially, of divine purpose) to anoint.

3. (by implication) to consecrate to an office or religious service.


The Thayer’s Greek Definitions is,

1. to anoint.   

2. consecrating Jesus to the Messianic office, and furnishing him with the necessary powers for its administration. 

3. Enduing Christians with the gifts of the Holy Spirit.

The anointing / appointing / purposeconsecration came before or preceding the Holy Spirit. The time frame is not necessary because when God calls and chooses, He anoints and fills with the Spirit. The Holy Spirit comes to help fulfill the purpose and get the work done by supplying the power. 


1 Samuel 16:13 — Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

God chooses, anoints and fills with His Spirit to accomplish His work. Samuel looks at Eliab, the oldest of the sons of Jesse, 

1 Samuel 16:6 — When they came, he looked on Eliab and thought, “Surely the LORD’s anointed is before him.”

After Eliab, come his brothers, Abinadab and Shammah;

1 Samuel 16:8-9 — Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.”

When David came, the Lord said,

1 Samuel 16:12 — “And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him, for this is he.”

1 Samuel 16:13 — Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon David from that day forward. And Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

The hebrew word “anoint” in the above scripture is:


 – maw-shakh’ – A primitive root; to rub with oil, that is, to anoint; by implication to consecrate; also to paint:—anoint, paint.

This shows that God first chose and consecrated (set apart for a specific purpose) and following which the Spirit of the Lord rushed upon David from that day forward.


Jesus was consecrated to do several functions:

Luke 4:18-19 — The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me; 

1. to proclaim good news to the poor. 

2. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives

3. recovering of sight to the blind,       

4. to set at liberty those who are oppressed,

5. to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.

Acts 10:38 — “…how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.”

God anointed Jesus with the Holy Spirit and power and not vice-verse. Jesus did these specific things in the power of the Spirit after He was anointed by God,

  • He went about doing good
  • Healing all who were oppressed by the devil.

We receive the anointing to function and the Spirit of God comes to empower us to operate in that function. Plainly speaking the Holy Spirit gives us power to function in the specific call or purpose. David was anointed king and the Spirit of the Lord came upon him to empower and enable him to function as a leader and king.

One can be anointed and not have the Spirit of God to help or empower or enable to function in that anointing in God’s way and this is what happened to King Saul. 


There were Five spices blended together to make this holy anointing oil mentioned in Exodus 30. Five is the number of “Grace” or “Gifts”. God has the five graces in the church according to Ephesians 4:11,

Ephesians 4:11 — And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers…”

Many are anointed or set apart in one of these five; however, the Holy Spirit enables them to function with wisdom, understanding and power to do these things:

The function of the five graces are for,

1. the perfecting of the saints, 

2. for the work of the ministry,  

3. for the edifying of the body of Christ.

As these five spices blend together to make this holy anointing oil, these five graces must blend together to build a holy “ekklesia.”


We must clearly understand that in the new covenant we have a continual indwelling of the Spirit of God. He abides in us and we are His temple. However, some believe that our act of sin will make the Holy Spirit depart from us.

Once you are born again and have received the Spirit of the Lord, He will not depart from you. You are anointed with the Spirit to function in your calling. Your sinning displays the flesh still ruling your life. We must yield to the Spirit of God and allow Him to break the cycles of sin and addiction.

Romans 6:11 — So you too consider yourselves dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.

The issue is not the Holy Spirit departing, (which He does not) but the renewing of our minds. Paul urges believers to consider themselves dead to sin. This is to be confident in the grace of God and fully acknowledge that we are no more alive to sin like we were. We are wholly dead to sin and alive to God in Christ.


Romans 12:1-2 — Therefore I exhort you, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a sacrifice – alive, holy, and pleasing to God – which is your reasonable service.
Do not be conformed to this present world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may test and approve what is the will of God – what is good and well-pleasing and perfect.

Paul exhorts the church to present their bodies as a living sacrifice to God. This is what pleases God and is our ministry. However, he does not stop there but adds that we must renew our minds to be transformed. Submitting our bodies and renewing our minds go hand in glove.

Trust this helps.

I was unable to write much in November because of a few commitments and health issues. Now, I am doing well by the grace of God. Continue to uphold me in prayer.



All content © Godwin Sequeira, 2019.

error: *Blessings*